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DuPont Aniline Technologies

Nitrobenzene Products

Nitrobenzene (NB; oil of mirbane) is a pale yellow liquid with an odor resembling that of bitter almonds. It was first synthesized in 1834 by treating benzene with fuming nitric acid and has commercial importance as the major precursor to aniline.

Sales Specifications

Property   Specification   Test Method 
Nitrobenzene     99.8% min(dry basis)  G.C. 
Moisture 0.1% max   G.C.   
Freezing Point 5.13°C min   D-1015   
Acidity (as HNO3)   0.001% max   titration  


Physical Properties

Structural Formula

     

Physical Property 
CAS Reg. No.  98-95-3
Empirical Formula C6H5N02 
Molecular Weight 123.11
Freezing Point   5.7°C 
Boiling Point @ 760 mmHg 210.8°C
Specific Gravity (20°C/4°C) 1.204
Vapor Pressure mmHg @ 44.4°C 1.0
Heat of Combustion @ 20°C, Kg-cal/mol 739.9
Heat of Vaporization @ 760 mmHg cal/gm 79.0  
Refractive Index @ 20°C  1.5562
Solubility in Water, @ 15.6°C 0.19%
Flash Point, TOC    87.8°C     
Auto Ignition Temperature    495.6°C