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Tables

Table 1

Proximate Analysis of Corn Forage
   Variable* Herculex® I Trait (Mean) Control (Mean) P-Value Literature Range
   Fat 2.44 2.42 0.653 0.7 - 6.7**
   Protein 7.83 7.85 0.932 3.5 - 15.9**
   ADF 26.97 27.96 0.039 30^
   NDF 47.96 48.28 0.698 51^
   Ash 5.66 5.72 0.724 1.3 - 10.5**

* - Percentage on a dry weight basis
** - Watson, 1982
^ - Watson, 1982 reports an average value for ADF of 30% and NDF of 51%
  



 

Table 2

Proximate Analysis of Corn Grain
   Variable* Herculex® I Trait (Mean) Control (Mean) P-Value Literature Range
   Fat 3.83 3.94 0.046 3.1 - 5.7**
   Protein 11.20 11.32 0.611 6.0 - 12**
   ADF 3.55 3.68 0.250 3.0 - 4.3^
   NDF 10.47 10.08 0.315 8.3 - 11.9^
   Ash 1.51 1.50 0.335 1.1 - 3.9^

* - Percentage on a dry weight basis
** - Watson, 1987
^ - Watson, 1982
  



 

Table 3

Protein Composition of Corn Grain
   Variable* Herculex® I Trait (Mean) Control (Mean) P-Value Literature Range
   Glycine 0.39 0.40 0.150 0.26 - 0.47**
0.24 - 0.41^
   Threonine 0.40 0.41 0.302 0.29 - 0.39**
0.21 - 0.37^
   Valine 0.51 0.52 0.902 0.21 - 0.52**
0.25 - 0.67^
   Isoleucine 0.40 0.40 0.952 0.26 - 0.40**
0.19 - 0.39^
   Leucine 1.42 1.43 0.880 0.78 - 1.52**
0.43 - 1.35^
   Phenylalanine 0.56 0.57 0.479 0.29 - 0.57**
0.04 - 0.54^
   Histidine 0.29 0.30 0.822 0.20 - 0.28**
0.21 - 0.32^
   Lysine 0.32 0.32 0.522 0.20 - 0.38**
0.19 - 0.36^
   Arginine 0.44 0.45 0.672 0.29 - 0.59**
0.28 - 0.55^
   Cysteine 0.21 0.23 <0.0001</td> 0.12 - 0.16**
0.13 - 0.27^
   Methionine 0.19 0.20 0.020 0.10 - 0.21**
0.12 - 0.26^
   Tryptophan 0.08 0.08 0.065 0.05 - 0.12**
0.05 - 0.10^
   Serine 0.54 0.55 0.390 0.42 - 0.55**
0.25 - 0.46^
   Alanine 0.84 0.85 0.727 0.64 - 0.99**
0.37 - 0.81^
   Glutamic Acid 2.14 2.18 0.472 1.24 - 1.96**
0.89 - 2.02^
   Proline 1.01 1.03 0.679 0.66 - 1.03**
0.43 - 1.01^
   Aspartic Acid 0.77 0.81 0.102 0.58 - 0.72**
0.37 - 0.80^
   Tyrosine 0.20 0.20 0.954 0.29 - 0.47**
0.17 - 0.31^^

* - Percentage on a dry weight basis
** - Watson, 1982
^ - Data from analysis of 22 commercial Pioneer® Brand Hybrids
^^ - Iowa Gold Catalog, 1994
  



 

Table 4

Fatty Acid Analysis of Corn Grain
   Variable* Herculex® I Trait (Mean) Control (Mean) P-Value Literature Range**
   Palmitic 11.07 10.92 0.091 7 - 19
   Stearic 2.28 2.44 0.007 1 - 3
   Oleic 30.61 32.53 0.002 20 - 46
   Linoleic 53.10 51.16 0.002 35 - 70
   Linolenic 1.29 1.21 0.0001 0.8 - 2

* - Value of fatty acid is % of total lipid
** - Watson, 1982
  



 

Table 5

Mineral Analysis of Corn Grain
   Variable* Herculex® I Trait (Mean) Control (Mean) P-Value Literature Range
   Calcium % 0.0036 0.0031 0.620 0.01 - 0.10**
0.002 - 0.011^
   Phosphorus % 0.33 0.32 0.161 0.26 - 0.75**
0.21 - 0.37^
   Copper ppm 2.03 2.11 0.845 0.9 - 10**
   Iron % 0.0025 0.0025 0.549 0.0001 - 0.01**
   Magnesium % 0.12 0.13 0.524 0.09 - 1.0**
   Manganese % 0.0005 0.0006 0.0003 0.00007 - 0.0054**
   Potassium % 0.40 0.36 0.023 0.32 - 0.72**
   Zinc % 0.002 0.002 0.141 0.0012 - 0.0030**

* - Percentage on a dry weight basis or parts per million (ppm) on a dry weight basis
** - Watson, 1982
^ - Data from analysis of 22 commercial Pioneer® Brand Hybrids
  



 

Table 6

Vitamin Analysis of Corn Grain
   Variable* Herculex® I Trait (Mean) Control (Mean) P-Value Literature Range
  Thiamine Hydrochloride (B1) ppm 3.64 4.06 0.002 3.0 - 8.6**
   Riboflavin (B2) ppm 1.67 1.66 0.827 0.25 - 5.6**
   Folic Acid ppm 0.151 0.144 0.676 0.3^
   Total Tocopherols ppm 48.2 41.6 0.0005 42 - 87^

* - Parts per million (ppm) on a dry weight basis
** - Watson, 1982
^ - Watson, 1987 reports an average value for folic acid in grain as 0.3 mg/kg



 

Table 7

Anti-Nutrient Analysis of Corn Grain
   Variable* Herculex® I Trait (Mean) Control (Mean) P-Value Literature Range**
  Phytic acid % 0.99 0.96 0.146 0.7 - 1.0
   Trypsin inhibitor
   TIU/g
<LOQ^ <LOQ -- NA

* - Percentage (%) or mg/100 g on a dry weight basis. Trypsin inhibitor is expressed in units of trypsin inhibitor enzyme activity per gram on a dry basis
** - Watson, 1982
^ - Below level of quantitation for trypsin inhibitor of 2,000 TIU/g
NA - Ranges are not available in the published literature
  



 

Table 8

Performance of Chickens in Corn Feeding Study
   Variable Corn Grain #1 Corn Grain #2 Corn Grain #3 Corn Grain #4 Corn Grain Hybrid 7250 Corn Grain Herculex® Trait
   Mortality % 5.71 5.71 2.86 5.71 2.86 5.71
   Body Weight (kg)
   day 42
0.044 0.043 0.043 0.043 0.044 0.043
   Body Weight (kg)
   day 42
1.730 1.739 1.738 1.738 1.739 1.757
   Daily Gain
   (g/bird/day)
0.040 0.040 0.040 0.040 0.040 0.040
   Feed Conversion
   (body wt. corrected)
1.797 1.806 1.808 1.804 1.802 1.775

Control Grain Hybrid 7250 - Non-transgenic corn with comparable genetic background to Herculex® I
Control Grain #1 to #4 - Batches of commercial corn

 

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