New advanced polymers have enabled hand-held device designers greater freedom so they can continue to refresh the look, feel and upgrade performance, while delivering a better environmental footprint, according to Hand-held Segment Leader Mark Hazel of DuPont Performance Polymers.
Hazel identifies the polymer material as DuPont™ Zytel® RS HTN high-performance polyamide – a renewably sourced polymer that has seen a four times growth rate since its introduction just four years ago. Stiffness, strength, low warpage and low moisture pickup combine to help ensure thinner walls for sleek, light designs that improve performance. Derived from sebacic acid, the material affords environmental benefits by replacing petroleum sources with non-food renewable sources.
In hand-held electronics applications, one of the major characteristics required in a material is its Radio Frequency Interference (RFI) compatibility. If the material picks up moisture, it changes its RFI characteristics and detunes itself. This means that the battery has to supply more power to the antenna and the battery life suffers as a result. At DuPont we have developed enhanced materials, which are less prone to moisture absorption.
Screens and circuit boards cannot twist or deform too much so stiffness is vital. This graphic shows the comparison between tensile modulus and tensile strength
Hand-held devices dominate the consumer electronics market and make up a significant share of the commercial market too. Within this subset, also which includes laptops, ultrabooks, game controllers and hand-held meters, mobile phones account for a staggering volume of sales. Multiple reports – although not agreeing on the total figure – put shipments in the first quarter of 2013 at over 370 million handsets.
Mobile phones, along with other hand-held devices, have undergone significant design changes over the last decade, with both functional and aesthetic features appearing and then disappearing as trends and technology change. Hazel explains the design evolution of the mobile phone, which also has been mirrored in the development of many other devices including gaming hardware, tablets and laptops: "In the early days many phones used to comprise a stiff plastic chassis with decorative and sometimes removable front and back covers. This chassis gave the phone its strength and provided the mounting frame for all of the internal electronics. However, as they evolved, with larger screens and more powerful electronics, this chassis concept became less attractive functionally, as users wanted the screen size but without the body bulk. Many OEMs therefore steadily reverted to a design where the screen and rear cover act as significant parts of the structure, freeing up much more internal space for the enhanced electronics."
This increase in electronic content was part of the driving force behind the Waste Electronic and Electrical Equipment (WEEE) directive, when it was recognized that level of use of certain materials was unsustainable and that manufacturers had to take some responsibility for the disposal and recycling of devices at the end of their useful life. But many manufacturers also realized that they could tackle other significant sustainability targets by deploying renewably sourced materials, such as Zytel® RS HTN, for both structural and aesthetic elements of the phone's casing.
DuPont™ Zytel® HTN is a high-performance polyamide resin that can be used to make thinner, lighter and more durable hand-held device housings while making them longer-lasting and easier to produce. From a processing perspective, Zytel® HTN grades also can save energy, cost and time thanks to its excellent flow and dimensional stability. A halogen-free, flame-retardant grade also is available for compliance with recycling programs for discarded electronic products. Specific grades also are available that can withstand high-temperature circuit assembly methods, including those using lead-free solder.
Aesthetically, both grades (Zytel® HTN and Zytel® RS HTN) deliver very good surface quality and appearance and are easily colored.
All the materials that we have developed for the hand-held market are highly stiff and protect the parts from excessive deflection if dropped. Hazel explains: "Screens and circuit boards cannot twist or deform too much so stiffness is vital. We use 50 percent glass filler to achieve the best stiffness and toughness (only possible in nylons such as Zytel® HTN), but we also have to consider RFI compatibility, colorability and surface finish – it is a fine balancing act." DuPont also has developed a repetitive-impact test, which, rather than testing impact test bars to discover the energy to shear, actually tests and measures the number of times a sample can be hit until it breaks This test is much more representative of the use a handheld device will see and demonstrates that Zytel® HTN and Zytel® RS HTN offer class-leading performance.
Contact: Carole Davies
DuPont Performance Polymers is committed to working with customers throughout the world to develop new products, components and systems that help reduce dependence on fossil fuels and protect people and the environment. With more than 40 manufacturing, development and research centers throughout the world, DuPont Performance Polymers uses the industry's broadest portfolio of plastics, elastomers, renewably sourced polymers, filaments and high-performance parts and shapes to deliver cost-effective solutions to customers in aerospace, automotive, consumer, electrical, electronic, industrial, sporting goods and other diversified industries.
DuPont (NYSE: DD) has been bringing world-class science and engineering to the global marketplace in the form of innovative products, materials, and services since 1802. The company believes that by collaborating with customers, governments, NGOs, and thought leaders we can help find solutions to such global challenges as providing enough healthy food for people everywhere, decreasing dependence on fossil fuels, and protecting life and the environment. For additional information about DuPont and its commitment to inclusive innovation, please visit www.dupont.com.